Li Zhimin: Starting from about 10 years ago, we have clearly seen this trend that artificial intelligence is aimed at replacing humans. Therefore, our education should make corresponding adjustments; otherwise, it will be difficult for us to adapt.
Since the release of ChatGPT and GPT-4, there have been constant doubts raised by people, suggesting that students may use AI to search for information, write papers, and complete assignments. Due to concerns about the negative impact of GPT on student learning, the New York City Department of Education announced restrictions on the use of ChatGPT in public schools in New York City. Some educational institutions have recognized the ability of artificial intelligence to customize personalized courses for students and have decided to rely on GPT technology to create classroom assistants for teachers.
In China, many people have started to worry: Does the drill-and-practice education in China still have any advantages in the future? What challenges will the education industry face in this situation? What will happen to students who only know how to practice problems or teachers who only know how to teach problem-solving?
Jiang Li: I think what New York did was quite irrational. In fact, there is a simple truth: we cannot block the flood like Yu the Great did, but we can guide it appropriately. ChatGPT, as well as GPT models represented by ChatGPT, will infiltrate all aspects of our production and life. Cutting off the campus network in schools cannot fundamentally block it.
For example, the New York City Department of Education only cut off the campus network, which means students can still use their phones and access their home networks as usual. On the contrary, it prevents teachers from using it. In many occasions, I have repeatedly mentioned that ChatGPT can turn teachers into super teachers, allowing them to teach more easily and generate better ideas. The result of New York’s actions is almost like shooting themselves in the foot. It not only failed to prevent ChatGPT from entering schools but also prevented teachers from using it.